Key Points

Question  Are ambient and household air pollution associated with bone mass among adults in a low- and middle-income country?

Findings  In this population-based cross-sectional study of 3717 participants, ambient fine particulate matter air pollution was associated with low bone mineral content and bone mineral density. Household air pollution did not have a clear association with bone mass.

Meaning  In a peri-urban population of India, ambient air pollution was associated with poorer bone health.

Abstract

Importance  Air pollution is a major threat to global health. Osteoporosis is responsible for a substantial burden of disease globally and is expected to increase in prevalence because of population aging. Few studies have investigated the association between air pollution and bone health, and their findings were inconclusive.

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