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National safety program linked to reduced hospital antibiotic use

By |2021-03-04T10:15:43+00:00March 4th, 2021|

Implementation of a national safety program that helps US hospitals to establish antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) and clinicians to improve their antibiotic decision-making was associated with reduced antibiotic use and fewer hospital-onset Clostridioides difficile infections, according to a study today in JAMA Network Open. The study, conducted by researchers with the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, the University of Chicago, [...]

Zika roadmap outlines steps toward diagnostics, treatment, vaccines

By |2021-03-04T10:15:42+00:00March 4th, 2021|

From its first human case in 1952 until just a few years ago, the Zika virus had affected relatively few people in Africa and Asia and was typically accompanied by mild symptoms: fever, body aches, rash, pink eye. Most people didn’t have any symptoms. But when it first appeared in the Americas in 2015 and was [...]

Exhaled SARS-CoV-2 quantified by face-mask sampling in hospitalised patients with covid-19

By |2021-02-27T08:46:30+00:00February 27th, 2021|

Background Human to human transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is driven by the respiratory route but little is known about the pattern and quantity of virus output from exhaled breath. We have previously shown that face-mask sampling (FMS) can detect exhaled tubercle bacilli and have adapted its use to quantify exhaled SARS-CoV-2 RNA in patients admitted to hospital [...]

Can COVID vaccines stop transmission? Scientists race to find answers

By |2021-02-27T08:46:28+00:00February 27th, 2021|

As countries roll out vaccines that prevent COVID-19, studies are under way to determine whether shots can also stop people from getting infected and passing on the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Vaccines that prevent transmission could help to bring the pandemic under control if they are given to enough people. Preliminary analyses suggest that at least some vaccines [...]

Association of the Timing of School Closings and Behavioral Changes With the Evolution of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic in the US

By |2021-02-27T08:46:26+00:00February 27th, 2021|

Question  What are the independent associations of voluntary behavioral change and legal restrictions, such as state-mandated school closings, with the subsequent spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the US? Findings  In this cross-sectional study of US COVID-19 data, voluntary behavioral changes, such as reductions in time spent at work, had an association with [...]

Smiths Detection’s BioFlesh system capable of detecting SARS-CoV-2 in the air

By |2021-02-27T08:46:25+00:00February 27th, 2021|

In tests conducted by the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID), a new screening technology from Smiths Detection broke new ground in efforts to find and contain COVID-19: the capability to detect the virus SARS-CoV-2 in the air. The BioFlesh Biological Identifier is a cell-based biosensor powered device paired with aerosol-collection techniques. Through [...]

Nigeria issues Public Health Advisory following Guinea outbreak

By |2021-02-27T08:46:24+00:00February 27th, 2021|

The west African country of Guinea declared an Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak last week on Feb. 14 and to date seven cases and 5 deaths have been reported. 2,019 kilometers away in Nigeria, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) issued a Public Health Advisory. The NCDC has an existing multisectoral National Emerging Viral Hemorrhagic Diseases Working Group (EVHDWG). [...]

Bird flu detected in 7 workers of poultry farm in southern Russia

By |2021-02-27T08:46:23+00:00February 27th, 2021|

MOSCOW, February 20. /TASS/. A novel bird flu has been detected in seven workers of a poultry farm in southern Russia, Head of the Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing Anna Popova said at a briefing on Saturday. “Scientists of the Vector Center isolated the genetic material of this kind of [...]

Impact of ironing on indoor particle levels and composition

By |2021-02-27T08:46:22+00:00February 27th, 2021|

Abstract Domestic chores are an important part of the household’s daily routine and can contribute significantly to personal exposure. In this study, the particulate mass and number concentrations were assessed when using two irons (steam iron and steam iron with boiler) under distinct conditions (minimum ventilation and indoor doors open) and in the background air. [...]

Candid Discussions About Indoor Air Quality

By |2021-02-27T08:46:20+00:00February 27th, 2021|

Since the start of the pandemic, ABM teams have been working closely with facilities executives to create strategies and deploy plans to help keep people safe from viral spread. With ​research now suggesting that COVID-19 droplets may remain in the air and could be a primary source of transmission, the ​conversation has expanded to indoor [...]