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Pfizer-BioNTech note 95% COVID vaccine efficacy, will apply for EUA

By |2020-11-25T15:44:54+00:00November 25th, 2020|

In final results, Pfizer and Germany’s BioNTech announced today that their mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccine has 95% efficacy, even better than the 90% found in its initial analysis, and they will apply for emergency use authorization (EUA) from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) within days. The announcement comes as cases in the United States surge [...]

Respirators evaluated by fit testing

By |2020-11-25T15:44:27+00:00November 25th, 2020|

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to challenges in the steady supply of single-use masks (respirators) [1] and many hospitals are faced with using new types of respirators to avoid stock-outs. While certified FFP2/KN95 respirators have the ability to prevent airborne infections, like COVID-19, influenza or tuberculosis, the performance of the respirators depends on tight sealing [...]

Shot to prevent HIV works better than daily pill in women

By |2020-11-25T15:44:25+00:00November 25th, 2020|

A single shot given every two months has proved to be more effective than a daily pill at preventing HIV in women, researchers reported Monday, an advance that medical experts hailed as groundbreaking in the fight against the deadly virus that causes AIDS. The finding that the long-acting drug would prevent HIV in six doses [...]

HVAC systems for environmental control to minimize the COVID-19 infection

By |2020-11-24T15:35:38+00:00November 24th, 2020|

Abstract The outbreak of pneumonia caused by 2019 Novel Coronavirus arises significant concern for virus transmission and control. The control of the indoor environment or public-enclosed environment is crucial to reduce the risk of infection. Heating, ventilation, air-conditioning (HVAC) systems are used to create a healthy, thermal-comfort indoor environments. Thus, the rational use of HVAC [...]

At Least 231 People In Texas Jails And Prisons Have Died From COVID-19, Study Finds

By |2020-11-24T15:35:37+00:00November 24th, 2020|

At least 231 people in Texas prisons and jails have died from COVID-19, including 27 staff members, 14 people in jail and 190 people in prison, according to a new report from researchers at the University of Texas at Austin. The report’s lead researcher, Professor Michele Deitch, told NPR’s Weekend Edition that the main takeaway from the report is [...]

It’s time to rethink indoor airflow to reduce the spread of COVID-19, say experts

By |2020-11-24T15:35:36+00:00November 24th, 2020|

Masks, social distancing and hand hygiene have become widely accepted as ways to reduce the spread of coronavirus but some scientists are saying the ventilation of our homes and workplaces could be another tool in our prevention armoury. As we learn more about COVID-19, more evidence has emerged that the virus spreads through aerosols as well [...]

Prenatal Exposure to Multiple Air Pollutants, Mediating Molecular Mechanisms, and Shifts in Birthweight

By |2020-11-24T15:35:35+00:00November 24th, 2020|

Mechanisms underlying adverse birth and later in life health effects from exposure to air pollution during the prenatal period have not been not fully elucidated, especially in the context of mixtures. We assessed the effects of prenatal exposure to mixtures of air pollutants of particulate matter (PM), PM2.5, PM10, nitrogen oxides, NO2, NOx, ultrafine particles [...]

Meta-analysis of predictive symptoms for Ebola virus disease

By |2020-11-24T15:35:34+00:00November 24th, 2020|

Introduction One of the leading challenges in the 2013–2016 West African Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak was how best to quickly identify patients with EVD, separating them from those without the disease, in order to maximise limited isolation bed capacity and keep health systems functioning. Methodology We performed a systematic literature review to identify all [...]

Spillover of ebolaviruses into people in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo prior to the 2018 Ebola virus disease outbreak

By |2020-11-24T15:35:33+00:00November 24th, 2020|

Background The second largest Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak began in the Democratic Republic of Congo in July 2018 in North Kivu Province. Data suggest the outbreak is not epidemiologically linked to the 2018 outbreak in Equateur Province, and that independent introduction of Ebola virus (EBOV) into humans occurred. We tested for antibodies to ebolaviruses in [...]

Report: Belgian nursing homes failed patients amid pandemic

By |2020-11-24T15:35:32+00:00November 24th, 2020|

BRUSSELS (AP) — Belgian authorities “abandoned” thousands of elderly people who died in nursing homes during the coronavirus pandemic and did not seek hospital treatment for many who were infected, violating their human rights, Amnesty International said in an investigation published Monday. One of the hardest-hit countries in Europe, Belgium has reported more than 531,000 confirmed [...]