The human microbiome has not only captured the attention of scientists, but also healthcare practitioners and the lay press. While initial studies focused on characterizing the gut microbiome in the context of both health and disease and the influence of environmental factors, there has been a shift in the field towards mechanistic research focusing on microbiome influence on host phenotype, with lots of unknowns, thus emphasizing the need for further advances.
Such increased interest in information related to the microbiome is reflected in the way the Gut Microbiota for Health (GMFH) digital community has reached more than 80,000 members from all over the world in 2019, including scientists, healthcare professionals and the general public.
Here are some of the breakthroughs in the field in 2019:
Host-microbe symbiosis in early life and its impact on maternal and neonatal health